Coordination - Term Overview

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By coordination, in the multiple areas in which the word can be used, it's generally understood the action of "Joining two things so that they form a unit or a harmonious whole", as well as "directing and arranging several elements", according to the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy.

In other words, coordinating is ordering a set of elements according to a specific sense. The term coordination comes from the Latin coordinatio, made up of the prefix co-, and the Latin voice ordinare, which translates "order" or "adjust". In other words, from its origins it had to do with the idea of ​​making something fit in its context or follow a certain order.

Initially, this word was used by the Roman philosopher Boethius, in the exact same sense of the Greek word sýntaxis ("syntax"), but later it acquired its current meaning.

This term can be applied to various areas, the main ones being corporal, grammatical and administrative, which we will see separately below.

Physical coordination

Physical coordination or muscular coordination is the ability of the skeletal muscles of our body to synchronize with respect to a movement or a trajectory, anticipating an action to carry it out gracefully and correctly.

In simpler terms, it's about the ability to synchronize the muscles of the body with what you see and what you want to do, so that you can perform the action smoothly.

This coordination can be of various types, depending on what parts of the body they involve, such as:

- Eye-hand coordination: Also called hand-eye coordination, it involves synchronizing the hands and what is seen, for example to stop a ball without problems.
- Oculo-pedic coordination: It's similar to the previous one, but involves the feet instead of the hands, as is evident when we see an expert footballer play.
- Visual-motor coordination: It involves the entire body in space, that is, it involves movements of the whole body according to the visual perception of space, as in the case of ballet dancers.
- Motor coordination: It alludes to coordination in general, that is, the ability to move, use objects, throw, receive, put something together, take something apart, in short, all those activities that involve our muscles and our senses, in general.

Grammar coordination

In the case of grammar, the term coordination applies to the way in which language allows us to join two different terms, be they sentences, phrases or propositions.

Similar to juxtaposition and subordination, coordination operates without pauses that are marked orthographically (by commas or periods), but instead uses links to unify two fragments of language without any one hierarchically dominating the other, as occurs in subordination.

Administrative coordination

Finally, in management sciences, it's common to speak of coordination to refer to the ability to organize and synchronize the efforts of a company or organization, when not simply a department of the same, to achieve its objectives through effort joint.

Coordination, in this sense, is in charge of a leader (coordinator) and a work team that manages, according to the principle that, adapting to a specific order, there will be better performance, better use of resources and the initiatives will advance towards the same general purpose.

For this reason, it's common to name "coordination" to the departments of a company, as in "Strategic coordination", "Operational coordination", etc.

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