Behavior - Term Overview

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It's understood that there are three factors that regulate or influence behavior, these are:

- End: First the end. It's from the objective of the behavior that the behavior acquires a meaning and gives rise to an interpretation.
- Motivation: Second is motivation, that is to say that the behavior has something that mobilizes it.
- Causality: The behavior also possesses or is produced by a specific cause.

In addition, it's considered that there are two more elements that direct behavior, they are the elements of society and the environment, and the biological elements.

- Elements of the environment: In the first case, reference is made to the environment in which the subject is immersed, both in relation to the physical and social environment, including the institutions that comprise it. In other words, only external factors are referred to.
- Biological elements: Linked to genetic issues that are decisive in the biological process. That is, they have an internal character. In addition, other factors such as diet or the months of gestation in the womb can be added. That is why the basis of human behavior is related to both the psychological and physiological aspects of people, in a complementary way.

It's understood that people have different behaviors, defining in this case behavior as a reaction. The diversity of behaviors is due to the fact that individuals desire different ends, are in different circumstances, and are different as persons. In this way it's exposed that the behavior responds to the end, the stimulus and the precise moment in which the subject is.

Behavior as an adaptation tool

The behavior is in turn a tool that allows the individual to adapt to the environment in which he is immersed. That is why there are behaviors of different kinds:

- Reflexes: They are automatic behaviors and they are very simple since they represent the response to a certain stimulus.
- Intelligence: It's another type of behavior that is very difficult to analyze and understand and also shows great changes.
- Unconscious behaviors: They respond to an adaptation to the situation very quickly, without necessarily knowing the motives that move the subjects in this case.
- Adaptive behaviors: They are used by individuals to be able to insert themselves socially. For this they require learning, motivations and memory.
- Communicative behavior: It's expressed through language, whether it be oral, written, signed, etc.

Behavioral psychology

Behaviorism is one of the most important currents in psychology. It's supported by the philosophy of praxis. This current understands that behaviors must be analyzed scientifically, integrating levels such as emotional, motor, cognitive and sensory.

For this, it raises three moments of the process:

- Behaviorism proper,
- The analysis of the behavior through experience,
- The structure of behavior.

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