Analysis - Term Overview

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An analysis is a deep study of a subject, object or situation in order to know its foundations, its bases and reasons for its emergence, creation or original causes. A structural analysis includes the external area of ​​the problem, in which the parameters and conditions that will be subject to a more specific study are established, the variables that should be the object of intense study are denoted and delimited, and the exhaustive examination of the issue of the thesis.

What is an analysis

It's the meticulous study of a subject in order to know its qualities and thus draw conclusions from it. Its etymology comes from the ancient Greek term ἀνάλυσις, where ἀνά ("ana") means "from bottom to top", "entirely", and the suffix λυσις ("lysis") that means "dissolution", is composed of the verb λύɛιν (" lyeín "or release) and the suffix –σιϛ (" sis "or action), so together it means" to release or completely dissolve things down to their elemental parts to examine individually their components, causes and formants ".

Based on this, what an analysis is can be interpreted, clarifying that this is the breakdown of a particular topic, where each part of that whole will be inspected and studied objectively and thoroughly for its understanding. This process allows making definitions, characteristics and important features of the subject to be studied, but in addition to the contemplation of the content, it's followed by conclusions from said study. In general, the analysis is divided into sections, which are applied according to the field in which the ideas are developed.

Analysis types

Structural analysis

Inherent to the physical sciences, structural analysis is performed by determining each component of a structure and how these elements are related to each other, as well as their characteristics. In this process, the product is disassembled or disassembled, a count is made of the elements it contains, identifying the functions that each one fulfills and establishing the connection between them in order to function as a whole. It's used for sciences such as engineering or architecture.

In this type of study, equations for the resistance of materials are used and applied to determine which elements infer the deformation of the structure of the object or building. It's complemented with dynamic analysis, which studies the dynamics of the structure and the possible oscillations or movements that may cause damage to it.

Various methods are used depending on the complexity of the structure of the object analyzed, according to its resistance and rigidity, the model of the materials and their behavior, the equilibrium at each node or point of the structure and whether they support pressure or load, taking also take into account the external factors and the foundation where the structure is.

A structural mathematical model must be applied that represents the behavior of the system, approaching reality as closely as possible.

Formal analysis

In architecture, formal analysis refers to the observation of the physical form of an object, in which a drawing is made with its views and perspectives, and its proportions with its measurements.

On the other hand, in literature, it refers to the identification of the structure of the text, the arrangement of the paragraphs that make up its outline, or its textual properties.

There is also the formal analysis of concepts, which is a mathematical theory that is used to analyze data related to concepts of human thought. Its objective is to define a method based on mathematics that corresponds to the conceptual thinking of man. It has been applied in areas such as knowledge management, software development or biology.

Conceptual analysis

The conceptual analysis is the one that is applied to study the meanings, the relationships between the terms, words and concepts, to make connections about the message that is to be transmitted in a text.

For this, mental maps, antecedents, or aspects in different areas can be analyzed. Its objective is the acquisition, formalization and refinement of knowledge, a task carried out by knowledge engineers, who refine and modify the information contained in a database.

In the research methodology, this method is carried out for the decomposition of a concept into other subconcepts, which will help the researcher to determine which conceptual pieces he needs for the construction of his research work. It's a non-empirical method that works with definitions, examples, descriptions, lists, formulas, analogies among other resources, giving context to the definition in the area in which it's being mentioned.

Experimental analysis

In psychology, the experimental analysis of behavior refers to the study of the behavior of individual subjects, its complexity, their interaction with the environment, and this behavior may be public or in their privacy, and whether this behavior was learned or their own. In this type of evaluation, behavior is the only object of study in psychology, since it can be observed directly, taking into account the importance of the consequences of behavior and its modification.

This type of study is also part of one of the three disciplines that behavioral analysis contains, focusing on the investigation of the basic processes of behavior. It's characterized by considering that human behavior isn't arbitrary, but a product of natural laws of a scientific nature, with behavior being the dependent variable and causes, the independent ones, so that, through these laws, behavior could be predicted and modified.

According to this type of analysis, there are three types of relationships in which the environment influences behavior according to evolutionary levels:

- Phylogenetic (possibilities of the species).
- Cultural (concepts built in the group to which it belongs).
- Ontogenetics (self-development of the subject).

Quantitative analysis

Within the financial area, quantitative analysis refers to the application of mathematical procedures to perform economic analysis and develop trading strategies (technical and fundamental analysis and the application of a strategy), the optimization of investment portfolios, risk management and analysis. credit.

Thanks to it, you can evaluate an investment and predict the behavior of economic variables and how it will affect it, making it a useful and necessary method for making financial decisions. The tools used in this study come from the areas of statistics and physics.

The experts who practice this type of study are called "quants", who are competent in the area of ​​mathematics, algebra, differential and integral calculus, probability, and linear differential equations. They are present in banks, insurance companies, hedge funds and management consultancies.

On the other hand, in chemistry, this type of evaluation seeks to determine the concentration of a chemical substance present in a sample to define its properties. Different methods can be applied, such as the quantification of mass, its volume, its radioactive interaction, among others.

Qualitative analysis

It's one that focuses on the study of the characteristics or qualities of something, emphasizing quality instead of quantity. It's used to give a name or define appreciative qualities such as the way of being, or its properties. This type of analysis is used in job interviews, where the recruiter evaluates the skills and qualities of the candidate for the position, in order to observe their abilities at the time of carrying out the tasks inherent to the position for which they have chosen.

Within an organization, this evaluation is carried out when there is a risk of losses, so it allows obtaining data that is useful for the search for strategies that can change the course of the company.

In chemistry, qualitative analysis refers to the identification of chemical elements or groups in a sample and the methods used for the recognition of said compounds, causing an observable reaction in their properties.

Morphological analysis

Morphological analysis refers to determining the form, category or grammatical class of each word that makes up a sentence, to place them in their respective grammatical categories. Its function is to examine the structure and composition of each word. Some linguists advocate the application of such analysis to examine syntax, while others state that it must be done separately from syntactic schemas.

It's also the technique of decomposing a concept to its most basic structures, based on which a matrix can be built that will allow combining and relating the elements of that whole, generating ideas.

Syntactic analysis

This type of analysis is usually confused with the morphological one, since while the latter refers to the grammatical categorization of each word in a sentence, it refers to determining the function of each word or group of them in a sentence.

It seeks to examine the agreement of words grouped in simple and compound sentences and phrases (group of words that constitute a syntactic unit, whose nucleus can be an adjective, noun or other grammatical element). Thanks to the correct application of syntactic analysis, a text can be interpreted and understood correctly. It's widely used in documents on technology, politics and law.

Result analysis

The result analysis is carried out to ensure that the theoretical approach that was presented is supported by the empirical data presented. It's achieved through two processes:

- The analysis, which is the conclusion or response to the objectives set in an investigation, based on data collected for this purpose.
- The interpretation of the results, which is the search for meaning to the result of the analysis, giving it sociological meaning and thus making some contribution to the problem posed.
- In order to offer an analysis of the correct result and approximate to reality, a good field study must be carried out, which is carried out in a planned manner in its different stages. If the way of executing the analysis is quantitative, the results are expressed numerically, and if it's qualitative, the concepts should be organized, reviewing what the interlocutors expressed. It must be accompanied by conclusions and recommendations.

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